Kayaşehir covers a total area of approximately 437400 square meters. In the 123000 square meter Rock-carved Slope settlement, located only on the Kale side of this huge settlement it is possible to discover a Monastery with a history dating back 600 years, a Byzantine-era Rock church dated to the first quarter of the 13th century (1215-1217), multi-storey tombs, public space, religious ritual/ceremony, meeting spaces, daily living spaces, work workshops, passages supported by keystones, water tunnels, Bezirhane, horse stables and more. In addition, the Kaya mosque which took its name from the rock mosque at the bottom, the Kara mosque and the Damat İbrahim Pasha complex, are also important structures that we encounter in the hillside settlement.
Avanos, Ürgüp, Göreme, Akvadi, Uçhisar and Ortahisar Castles, El Nazar Church, Aynalı Church, Güvercinlik Valley, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı, Özkonak Underground Cities, Ihlara Valley, Selime Village, Çavuşin, Güllüdere Valley, Paşabağ-Zelve Anapınar Village are the main sights and the places needed to see. Traditional Cappadocia houses carved into the rocks and pigeon houses show the authenticity of the region. These houses were built on the slopes in the 19th century, either from rocks or from cut stones. Stone, which is the only architectural material of the region, can be processed very easily because it is soft after coming out of the quarry due to the volcanic structure of the region, but after contact with air, it hardens and turns into a very durable building material. Due to the abundance of the material used and its ease of processing, the stonework unique to the region has developed and become an architectural tradition. The material of both courtyard and house doors is wood. The upper part of the arched gates is decorated with stylized ivy or rosette motifs. Dovecotes in the region are small structures built in the late 19th century and 18th century. The surface of the dovecotes is decorated with rich decorations and inscriptions by local artists. The region is also famous for wine making and grape growing.